Table of contents - Tax returns for pensioners
When do you have to submit a tax return as a pensioner?
But how do you calculate your taxable income?
On January 1, 2005, the Retirement Income Act came into force, which determines what portion of your pension is subject to tax. The new regime was chosen to gradually transform pensions into “deferred taxation”.
This means: You do not pay any taxes on the contributions during the savings phase. Taxation takes place when you receive the money later, i.e. when you receive an annuity or pension.
Year of retirement
Tax share in percent
every year plus 2 percent
every year plus 1 percent
Until then, however, all new pensioners will still benefit from their personal pension allowance. To make that a little clearer, here's an example:
The unmarried Mr. Schneider retired in 2007 and receives 20,000 euros gross per year. He pays taxes on 54 percent of this amount, i.e. 10,800 euros. His pension allowance is therefore 9,200 euros. This amount is fixed at retirement and remains the same over the years - even if Mr. Schneider's pension should increase.
Since the basic tax-free allowance for 2022 is 10,908 euros, Mr. Schneider must always pay taxes if he cannot deduct anything from the tax. Income tax only applies to the portion of his income that is above the basic allowance.
In general, pension taxation not only affects statutory pensions, but also private provision, such as the
What do you have to consider when dealing with the tax office?
If you have a correspondingly high pension income , you should file a tax return. If you do not submit the tax return that you are required to submit, the tax office's assessment of your income that then takes place could become unfavorable for you. This is because it may not include all of your expenses.
You should also keep in mind that all types of income are added together. Not only the income from the pension, but also, for example, income from renting and leasing , possibly also a salary from a sideline job counts towards your income. As with employees, the personal tax rate increases with income. It is therefore all the more important that you are aware of the possibilities of what you can deduct as a pensioner.
Which income-related expenses can you actually claim as a pensioner?
You can use some points in your tax return to reduce your income, others can directly reduce your tax burden.
For example, you can deduct medical and medication expenses due to illness, as well as nursing home and funeral expenses, as extraordinary expenses. However, these only have an effect if you exceed the reasonable personal burden with the expenses. Contributions for health, long-term care and liability insurance or donations are among the .
Other deductible costs as a pensioner are:
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Working in old age: Are taxes due for a job?
Once you have reached normal retirement age, you can earn as much as you want without your pension being reduced. Nonetheless, all income once they have the exceed, to be stated in the tax return.
What type of income is involved only plays a role in the amount of taxes. Depending on whether the income comes from self-employed or non-self-employed work, from renting and leasing or capital investments, it is treated differently for tax purposes.
An exception to this is the . Up to 410 euros per month can be earned tax-free with a mini-job and even if you have not yet exceeded the standard retirement age, there are no pension cuts. Do you work as an employee in addition to your pension and do you work on an income tax card? Then the salary is added to the other income and is also subject to taxation. However, you then have to pay wage tax again, which is offset against your tax burden.
Until you reach your regular retirement age, the following also generally applies: You may earn a maximum of EUR 6,300 per year without your pension being reduced. If your salary exceeds the allowance of EUR 6,300, only the excess amount will be taken into account.
With the social protection package, the limit was raised to 44,590 euros for 2020 due to the corona pandemic . The limit was also increased for the years 2021/2022 : it was/is 46,060 euros . Early retirees can even earn up to 46,060 euros in addition to their statutory pension without being offset.
Prepare your own tax return
For anyone who wants to file an easy and secure tax return themselves. Free refund calculation, pay only upon submission.
Receive an advance calculation of your refund and pay only when you turn it in
Guided and intuitive process with simple questions
Automatic data retrieval: simply retrieve your income data from the tax office and have it pre-filled
The general deadline applies (September 02)
€59.99 for married couples or registered partnerships looking to file a tax return together
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Insured persons who, for health reasons, cannot work or earn half as much as other employees with similar training, equivalent knowledge and skills, neither in their learned nor in a reasonable occupation.
Since January 1, 2001, no new entitlements to an occupational disability pension can arise.
For insured persons who were born before January 2nd, 1961, the occupational disability remains as a possible benefit event. This means that they continue to enjoy professional protection and cannot be referred to any other activity.
If necessary, they will also receive half a disability pension if they can no longer work six hours a day in their previous job or in another reasonable job.
Disability occurs when you can work less than three hours a day due to illness or disability. Here it doesn't matter whether you can no longer work in your trained profession or whether you can no longer work to the same extent in general.
Disability pension is an option for people who are no longer able to work full hours and is generally available to all age groups. The criterion is no longer based on the actual job, but the lack of or only partial opportunity to practice any job is decisive.
The disability pension provides support if you can no longer work (full-time) for health reasons . At the same time, the standard retirement age (i.e. the point in time from which old-age pension is paid) must not yet have been reached. The following table gives you an overview of the requirements for the two forms of disability pension.
A few steps are necessary to determine a disability:
Partial disability pension
Full disability pension
Possible working time
3 – 6 hours daily
max. 3 hours daily
amount of payout
Pension insurance for at least 5 years
Pension insurance for at least 5 years
Duration of deposit
at least 3 years
at least 3 years
maximum additional earnings
maximum duration of secondary employment
< 6 hours
< 3 hours
Taxfix shows you the basics about filing your income tax return as a pensioner.
Make your tax return as a pensioner: With Taxfix!
Just the word 'investment' triggers a lot of uneasiness – the reason is the tax administration forms. For pensioners it is mainly 'Annex R', but others may be added. We don't think it has to be with the forms.
That's why Taxfix now also offers those drawing statutory pensions the opportunity to do their tax returns with Taxfix!
With the expansion of the product we want to help many more people. The tax return for pensioners has thus become much easier. The following video shows you how easy it is. You can use the button directly below to try Taxfix's tax program for free!